05 Nov

The Proof is in the Proof – The Proofing Process

So What is a Proof?

Proof is a funny little word, sometimes requiring a bit of explanation to new customers who come into the print shop.

Dictionary Definition:

2. a trial print of something, in particular.
  1. 3. A trial impression of a page, taken from type or film and used for making corrections before final printing.

The Proofing Process

photo (1)After the time of design & setup, and before the stage of printing on the press or printer, we create a sample, or a first draft, of the customer’s job. This is called a proof. This printed copy provides an example of what will be printed.  The customer will proofread the copy, checking for the correct text, fonts, errors and omissions, colours, graphic artwork, the margins, and overall setup and positioning on the page. 

After checking the details carefully, and the customer is convinced there aren’t any errors, they must then sign the proof, or sign off in person, or by fax or email, giving us their permission to print their job. This gives us the order, or the OK to print with their approval. Once the proof is signed, we proceed to the Presses.

If we have created the file, we always provide a proof. If the customer hands us a file that was previously created by them, or another designer, a proof isn’t required, except in the case where we might make corrections, or changes to their original file. However, a proof is printed in-house for us to double-check the copy, and to ensure we have the proper file.

The proofing system protects both the customer and Hucul Printing because both sides are  required to pay careful attention to the details right up to press time, hence the proof is in the proof.


20 Aug

So What are Your Binding Options?

What kinds of bindings are suitable for your project?

Here is a run-down of the various types of bindings used for multiple page documents, booklet or books, which are common to the printing industry:

1. Saddle Stitching (Stapled Binding)

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Saddle Stitching

Booklets, magazines, catalogues and calendars can be bound with stapled bindings.

A heavy duty stitching machine creates wire staples (from a large spool of wire) to hold the pages together.
The machine drives the wire through the backbone fold of the piece to the centrefold where they clench tightly.

A saddle-stitched piece lies almost flat when opened and is the most convenient for readers.

A saddle-stiched document must be at least 8 pages… and increase in quantity, in four page increments.

This is a good binding method for documents of between 64 to 80 pages and on 60 to 78 lb. (or #)  paper stock.

If the document exceeds a thickness of approximately 3/8″ another type of binding would be more suitable.

2. Comb Binding (also known as Cerlox Binding or Surelox Binding)

photo 1

Left to right: Double Loop Metal, Plastic Spiral, Cerlox

This method of binding uses round plastic spines with 19 rings (for a standard letter sheet) and a hole punch which makes rectangular holes.

They can be used for various page sizes. Quite often, this binding is used for cook books and this type of binding has a printable surface on the spine, which is convenient for titling the book.

The comb binding is more vulnerable to damage than spiral binding, especially after repeated usage.

This kind of binding can bind pieces up to 3″ thick and they come in various colours.

3. Spiral Binding, or Plastikoil Binding

Spiral binding has become popular because of its ability to be doubled over, allowing the printed document to lay flat.

This is very convenient for technical manuals, notebooks, cookbooks and calendars.

Pages cannot be added to spiral bound pieces. The pages of the piece are punched with round holes and a special coil inserter winds the coil through the punched pages.

The cut ends of the plastic coil are then crimped, so the bindings don’t back out of the page.

Spiral binding is available in plastic of various sizes (1/4″ to 2″) and colours. It is possible to bind pages up to 24″ in length by this method.

4. Wire-O or Double Loop Binding

This is similar to spiral binding, in that the pages are punched at the spine. In this method, the holes are square punched, allowing for a double loop wire to be inserted.

All of the document pages lie flat when opened, and can easily turn through 360 degrees, while staying in perfect registration with adjoining pages.

Wire-O comes in standard colours and sizing is from 1/8″ thick to 1″ thick. They are durable and are used for reference books, reports, notebooks and calendars.

5. Perfect Binding

Perfect Binding (Top two), Cloth hard Cover (bottom)

Perfect Binding (Top two), Cloth Hard Cover (bottom)

A perfect bind is actually a glued binding. This is the type of binding you see on a standard, soft cover book, or paperback book .

The book’s page signatures are gathered in page sequence and clamped together in a Perfect Bind machine.

The machine slices off 1/8″ from the left edge (spine), while at the same time milling the edge, providing a rough surface in preparation for effective gluing.

The spine edge then receives an application of glue, while at the same time applying the wrap-around cover.

Minimum thickness for books with this type of binding is 1/8″ and is appropriate for various thicknesses and book sizes.

It is recommended that the book paper stock used is not thicker than 100# paper stock.
An excellent binding for books, thick magazines, annual reports, catalogues and manuals.

6. Case Binding or Hard Cover Binding

This binding is used mostly for book production.

This binding requires a minimum of 60 printed sheets, folded into 16 or 32 pages signatures, which are collated and sewn by machine.

These sewn pages are called the book block.

The hardback case is made by wrapping paper, cloth, lamination or leather around the case board and then glued onto the book block.

The spine can be rounded, flat and/or tight backed.

The look of the hard cover book is superior with the availability of leather, papers, and multiple fabrics that can be used to encase the book.

These materials coupled with the variety of specialty finishing techniques, such as embossing or foil stamping, gives the case bound book a professional, classic or artistic appearance.

The book can have a printed dust jacket as a finishing feature.

When planning a printing project which requires special binding, meet with us at Hucul Printing to discuss the options available.

06 Aug

How to Mount Your Canvas Prints

So you have yourself an amazing photo printed on  seal-coated archival canvas which has been wrapped onto a wooden frame. Now its time to mount it on your wall.

Here’s how to mount your canvas onto your wall:

Step 1photo 1

Open the provided package of hardware which comes with your purchase of a Canvas Print from Hucul Printing Ltd. There is an instruction sheet inside that details the exact steps we are showing here, which should be read and followed.

Step 2

After you take inventory of the mounting hardware, you must prepare to fasten the hangers onto your frame.

photo 4

Measure 1/3 one third from the the top of the frame. (Quick math: [Height of frame/3])photo 5

Step 3
photo 1

With a pencil, mark the frame at the spot where you measured to be 1/3. Repeat on the other side.

Step 4
photo 2

Place the hangers on the line. The bottom of the hanger should sit on the top of the line.

photo 3

Now you’re ready to fasten them on to the frame.

Step 5

photo 3

Screw in the hangers to the frame using provided screws. Note the orientation of the hangers: The thinner part of the hole is pointing towards the top of the frame.


Step 6

photo 4

Locate the plastic (dimple markers/wall mounts) pieces as shown above.

photo 5


Insert them into the hangers and twist 90 degrees to lock. Note the dimple maker facing out; this will mark the wall with a dimple so you know precisely where to put the wall mounts.

Step 7
photo 3

Next, attach the provided bubble level to the top of the canvas using the double sided tape provided. Warning: Do not press the tape too hard into the top of the canvas because the tape is quite strong and could peel off the top layer of canvas when you remove it.

Step 8

Now its time to find a home for the new canvas!

photo 2

Find the place where you would like to put the canvas and ensure it is level by using both the bubble level and your eyesight to find the perfect placement. Once you have found the placement, carefully and firmly push the frame into the wall so that the plastic dimples create dimples in the wall.

Note that the attached dimple makers are the key to this step.

Step 9

photo 4

Remove the dimple markers from the hangers and place them into the dimples you just made. Put the provided nails in the hole in each wall mount so that the nail is pointing downwards. photo 5


Nail them in!photo 1

Now you have two wall mounts perfectly placed and ready  to accept the canvas!

Step 10

Almost done!photo 4

Locate the spacer piece as shown above. Remove the tape covering.

photo 5

Measure out the bottom stay and place a the spacer exactly halfway on the bottom frame.


Final Stepphoto 2

Slide the Canvas’ frame hangers into the wall mounts and your are done!



23 Jul

Sending Us Your Press-Ready File

Not every job we print is designed, or set up, by Hucul Printing.

Many customers create their own files and we also receive files from Graphic Designers. In turn, we have customers and graphic designers posing questions about how to prepare “press-ready” files for us to print.


A common question we receive is:

What sort of File should I send you?”

While there are many avenues to take to convert our customer’s files, our most preferred file type is a Portable Document Format, most commonly known as a “PDF”.

A PDF is a nifty file format because not only is it compatible across many operating systems and programs, it is easy to send via email due to its compact size.

A PDF preserves all the visual graphics. This is especially helpful because the file does not need to be editable if it’s press-ready. For example, if we were to receive a working file, any links (or elements placed within your file) would have to be sent along with your document, which makes the process a lot more complicated and lengthy than it should be!


“How should I send the File?”

Files can be received in person on a jump/flash drive, via email, or if files are too large to send as an email attachment and they can be sent through DropBox. For assistance on how to use Dropbox, see:  https://www.dropbox.com/.

It’s also free!


Another common question we receive:

“How should I set up my File?”

One of the first questions we will ask you in return is whether you wish for your graphic elements to print right up to the edge of the paper. In this case, we ask for the document to have a bleed.

A bleed is a well-known printing term referring to elements, or graphics, that extend past the part of the document and are meant to be trimmed off.

This means that there is no white margin around the document (just colour) and the document must be printed on a sheet that is bigger than the document.

If you wish to have us print your posters, brochures (or any printable document) ask yourself whether you want your document to be printed to the edge. If so, provide us a file that includes a bleed, making sure that all important information, such as text, is away from the cut line.

Please see the example below and do not hesitate to contact us with any questions.


30 Apr

Which size of Canvas Print should I order?

Where will the Canvas be Hung?

Deciding on the size of a canvas mounted print for your home, or office, may be a little challenging, but we are here to help you!

Knowing where your canvas print will be displayed … whether it will end up at your business, or at your home, or someone else’s home or establishment…  will help determine the sizing.

Is the print meant to advertize a business or company brand?

Is it intended for decoration and personal enjoyment for yourself, or someone else?

Or will it be sold to a third buyer?

Sizing your Canvas

The pixel size of the file would also be an important factor in figuring out the physical print size, because not all files can support all canvas print sizes.

Do you know how much wall space is available for your project? Have you measured the available space and allowed for both height and width?

There are many creative ways to showcase your favourite prints, or photographs.

456801_10150894540848604_1237923262_oYou could opt to print 2 or 3 canvases with the same theme. These could be hung side by side, or one above the other, or even laid out diagonally. Perhaps your set of canvases could be parts or divisions of a single picture.

There are so many options available, and many variables will dictate the appropriate sizing and arrangements for your project.

Hucul Printing can provide the price for each size of print.

Here is a list of the most standard wall hanging sizes:

  • 8 x 8
  • 8 x 10
  • 8 x 12
  • 10 x 12
  • 12 x 12
  • 12 x 14
  • 12 x 16
  • 12 x 18
  • 16 x 16
  • 16 x 20
  • 16 x 24
  • 20 x 20
  • 20 x 24 
  • 20 x 30
  • 20 x 36
  • 20 x 40

We can help you to gain some insights when you come in and lay out your plans, explaining what your project needs are.

Between us, we will determine the perfect solution for your canvas project.